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Wandering in Both Mind and Body: Individual Differences in Mind Wandering and Inattention Predict Fidgeting

Wandering in Both Mind and Body: Individual Differences in Mind Wandering and Inattention Predict Fidgeting

Anecdotal reports suggest that during periods of inattention or mind wandering, people tend to experience increased fidgeting. In four studies, we examined whether individual differences in the tendency to be inattentive and to mind wander in everyday life are related to the tendency to make spontaneous and involuntary movements...

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Age differences in attention lapses mask age differences in memory failures: a methodological note on suppression

Age differences in attention lapses mask age differences in memory failures: a methodological note on suppression

Although objective measures of memory performance typically indicate memory declines with age, self-reported memory failures often show no relation to age. In contrast, self-reported attention failures are reliably negatively correlated with age. This contrast suggests...

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Attention failures versus misplaced diligence: Separating attention lapses from speed–accuracy trade-offs

Attention failures versus misplaced diligence: Separating attention lapses from speed–accuracy trade-offs

In two studies of a GO–NOGO task assessing sustained attention, we examined the effects of (1) altering speed–accuracy trade-offs through instructions (emphasizing both speed and accuracy or accuracy only) and (2) auditory alerts distributed throughout the task...

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Challenge and error: Critical events and attention-related errors

Challenge and error: Critical events and attention-related errors

Attention lapses resulting from reactivity to task challenges and their consequences constitute a pervasive factor affecting everyday performance errors and accidents. A bidirectional model of attention lapses (error <--> attention-lapse: Cheyne, Solman, Carriere, & Smilek, 2009) argues that errors beget errors by generating attention lapses; resource-depleting cognitions...

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Failures of sustained attention in life, lab, and brain: Ecological validity of the SART

Failures of sustained attention in life, lab, and brain: Ecological validity of the SART

The Sustained Attention to Response Task (SART) is a widely used tool in cognitive neuroscience increasingly employed to identify brain regions associated with failures of sustained attention. An important claim of the SART is that it is significantly related to real-world problems of sustained attention such as those experienced by TBI and ADHD patients...

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Out of Mind, Out of Sight: Eye Blinking as Indicator and Embodiment of Mind Wandering

Out of Mind, Out of Sight: Eye Blinking as Indicator and Embodiment of Mind Wandering

Mind wandering, in which cognitive processing of the external environment decreases in favor of internal processing (Smallwood & Schooler, 2006), has been consistently associated with errors on tasks requiring sustained attention and continuous stimulus monitoring (e.g., Cheyne, Carriere, & Smilek, 2006; Robertson, Manly, Andrade, Baddeley, & Yiend, 1997; Smallwood et al., 2004)...

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